Caroline James @CarolineJames1
One of the most significant aspects of using social media to generate online journalistic content is the speed with which stories break, spread and go viral.
But citizen journalists, unlike their official counterparts, don’t have the need to go to quite the same lengths to verify their sources and corroborate their stories. And the anonymity of the Internet makes it all that much harder. The result? Hoaxes and false stories become trends faster than the mainstream media can pick up the phone to check the facts.
How do you trace a story you’ve heard from someone else, when that person heard it from someone else before and so on? Paul Bradshaw discusses a three-pronged approach to the issue: through content, context and code, he argues we can verify how true those unbelievable stories being disseminated over the Internet really are. The chances are, they’re just that: unbelievable.
But, I would argue the non-story BECOMES a story by virtue of the speed at which it spreads and the reaction it engenders. Doesn’t it say something of the nature of people consuming the news that the stories that get the biggest reader reaction – that is, the ones that make you go: “How funny/interesting/ridiculous! I best send that link on to X,Y and Z” – are rarely the big movers and shakers in terms of international importance.
Examples of these hoaxes can be found in their hundreds. Take the latest story to do the rounds on FB: that Marck Zuckerberg would be shutting down FB on 15th March because of “stress”.
The one that sticks in my mind is the World Cup hysteria surrounding the alleged ban by the police on the St. George’s flag. Now if ever there was a subject more perfectly poised to engender reaction it was this one. Friends of mine, outraged, changed their FB statuses ad infinitum and we all decried the PC brigade for their anti-nationalist feeling.
Except it was a hoax.
So while the outrage spread within minutes on social media, the traditional journalists didn’t see it. Take the above post from one of my FB network; he posted this on 19th May 2010. It was two days later that the BBC covered the story, revealing it to be a hoax. It does not take two days to ring the police and confirm the story, an intern can do it in 10 minutes!
And when we had Charlie Sheen’s death announced on Twitter just weeks ago – twice – NowPublic began reporting it was more than just an innocuous, false story: it was a virus. Hoaxes spread quickly and viruses are masquerading as them for this very reason.
So where do they come from? Scambusters.org argue that the rise in hoax stories is symptomatic of our obsession with celebrity culture. And these false stories are self-perpetuating because many celebrities who crave publicity are happy to profit from the attention.
These stories are false. Reporting a false story is not journalism, reporting ON a false story is. A case in point is the excellent Starsuckers documentary from 2009 – check out the YouTube video of it:
Once again, social media is helping to forge new inroads into online journalism – and the hoax stories are providing the raw materials to do this.